The party Defendant, James Beatty, conducts business in the State of Tennessee under the assumed name Maryville Waste Oil. The business included the selling of waste oil heating equipment in Tennessee to businesses in Tennessee. Private businesses and other governmental entities in Tennessee purchased waste oil heating equipment from the named Defendant and others. The State of Tennessee’s grant program reimbursed private businesses and governmental entities to purchase the named Defendant’s waste oil heating equipment. Certain private businesses and local governmental entities prepared invitations for bid for waste oil heating equipment to obtain the lowest prices and best service. The Defendant and others discussed, exchanged information, or agreed with each other before bids were opened as to which person or entity would be the successful bidder. The Defendant and others agreed between or among themselves to allocate certain territories, governmental entities, private businesses, or other areas. The effects of such collusion were that competition for waste oil heating equipment was lessened and the State of Tennessee and its general economy were injured.