Between the early 1970’s continuing through 1985, Defendants conspired to rig bids and allocate geographic areas in New York with respect to contracts for sale or sale and application of asphalt in violation of the Sherman Act (15 U.S.C. § 1) and the Donnelly Act (New York General Business Law §§ 340-347). Defendants discussed the submission of bids and determined who would be the low bidder. In collusion, Defendants submitted intentionally high or noncompetitive bids, refrained from bidding, and submitted bids containing false information. The case was settled on October 23, 1992 for $2,000,000.