There is a limited number of sign language providers in the Wasatch Front market (roughly the area from Ogden to Provo, Utah). Signing Resources and InterWest Interpreting have commonly bid for the same work and rely on the same pool of independent contractors who fill assignments for sign language interpretation services from both defendants. The State published an invitation to bid in 2004. Only the two defendant companies answered. The State alleged that the companies shared information prior to submitting bids with identical pricing of $60 per hour. Both companies also made the identical recommendation that the state could save money by breaking the region into four counties. When the state amended the request for bid and requested a bid for each of four counties, both companies returned bids with identical prices per hour for each county. There was a “non-collusion” clause in the state’s bid terms. Defendants admitted that their conduct could be construed to violate the Utah Antitrust Act and reduce competition. They consented to injunctions and agreed to change their business practices. The state canceled the contract and solicited new bids. Civil penalties were assessed as follows: Signing Resources: $50,000, $45,000 suspended; Wing Butler: $10,000, $8,000 suspended; InterWest Interpreting: $50,000, $45,000 suspended; Jeff Born: $10,000; $8,000 suspended.