This map and accompanying table display the types of state and territory statutes that govern when a public official may or may not accept a gift. The gift statutes apply to instances where a thing of value is given to an official without a clear quid pro quo and without adequate consideration given in return. They tend to fall into three different categories, which are shown in the map and table as:

  • General Restriction
  • Source-Based Restriction
  • Intent-Based Restriction

“General Restriction” refers to a type of law that prohibits a public official from receiving a gift regardless of whether the giver intends to influence the official and regardless of whether the giver is a prohibited source, such as a person subject to the official’s authority. The idea of a general restriction is that receiving money or value without giving equal consideration in return may potentially create a sense of obligation in the recipient. General gift restrictions simply prohibit officials from potentially becoming indebted to the gift giver’s private interest.

“Source-Based Restriction” refers to a prohibition on gifts given by an interested party, such as a lobbyist or a person working in an industry subject to the official’s authority. The openness of the giver’s interest in influencing the official has led states in various directions. Some states completely prohibit lobbyist gifts to officials (e.g., Colorado). Other states acknowledge that giving gifts and sharing meals and entertainment is an engrained cultural practice that is better limited and subject to disclosure requirements than completely prohibited (e.g., Pennsylvania).

“Intent-Based Restriction” refers to a prohibition on giving or receiving gifts only when the giver intends to influence (or in some cases where the gift would tend to influence) the official in the otherwise impartial discharge of his or her official duties. The conduct that such gift laws prohibit is akin to bribery, but requires no agreement and no specific quid pro quo.

venn diagram of gift law statute comparison

Many states have more than one type of gift restriction, as the map and table show.

For all types of gift laws, definitions and exceptions are important considerations. For example, public officials can generally receive personal gifts from family and friends when they are completely unrelated to official duties. Exceptions also sometimes permit acceptance of hospitality, refreshments, or travel under certain circumstances. Exceptions sometimes apply if a gift or benefit is given to all members of a legislature equally. While this map is a resource for beginning research of a state’s gift laws, the laws are often complex, applying them to idiosyncratic situations can be difficult, and many state ethics commissions advise seeking help from a supervisor or from the ethics commission before accepting a questionable gift or benefit.

Finally, the table accompanying the map includes links to additional resources, such as ethics guides written by a state’s ethics commission or attorney general’s office. The Center for Ethics and Public Integrity welcomes any feedback, correction, or additional information. Please contact Marissa Walker at to provide comments or questions.

Click on a state or territory below to learn more about its gift law statutes.

StateGeneral RestrictionSource-Based RestrictionIntent-Based RestrictionGift Definition and ExceptionState Guidance
Ala. Code §§ 36-25-5(e), 36-25-5.1(a), (b), 36-25-12
Ala. Code § 36-25-7(a), (b), (c)
Ala. Code § 36-25-1(34)(a), (b), (c), (35), (36)Alabama’s Public Official Gift Guideline
Alaska Stat. § 24.60.080(a)(1)
Alaska Stat. § 24.60.080(a)(2)
Alaska Stat. § 39.52.130
Alaska Stat. §§ 24.60.075 (a)-(e), 24.60.080 (c)-(k)Code of Judicial Conduct

Alaska Ethics Handbook for Legislators (Revised 2/12/2021)

Ethics Information for Public Employees Webpage
American SamoaYes
Am. Samoa Code 4.0708
Am. Samoa Code 4.0708
NoWebpage Article: “Update: Governor Issues Code of Ethics” (12/26/2021)
Ariz. Rev. Stat. §§ 41-1232.02, 41-1232.03, 41-1232.08
Ariz. Rev. Stat. §§ 38-504(C), 41-1232.02(J), 41-1232.03(J)
Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 41-1231(9)State of Arizona Accounting Manual, Accepting Gifts
Ark. Code Ann. § 21-8-801
Ark. Code Ann. § 21-8-310. Ark. Const. art. 19 § 30; Ark. Const. art. 30; Ark. Const. amend. 94, § 2
NoArk. Code Ann. § 21-8-402(5). Ark. Const. Art. 19, § 30(2)Rules on Prohibition of Gifts from Lobbyists to Certain Public Officials Under Ark. Const. Art. 19, § 30

Rules on Gifts
Elected Officers: Cal. Gov't Code § 89503. See also Cal. Gov't Code § 89506 (exception for some travel)
Judges: Cal. Civ. Proc. Code § 170.9
Cal. Gov't Code § 86203, 86204
Cal. Gov't Code § 9054
See substantive sections.General Rules for Gifts and Honoraria.

State Limitations and Restrictions on Gifts, Honoraria, Travel and Loans: A Fact Sheet

Local Limitations and Restrictions on Gifts, Honoraria, Travel and Loans: A Fact Sheet

Gift of Travel for a Public Purpose Paid for by a 501(c)(3) or Government Entity

Academic Scholarships Awarded to an Official or Immediate Family Member
Colo. Const. Art. 29, § 3(1)-(3), (6)
Colo. Const. Art. 29, § 3(4)
Colo. Rev. Stat. § 24-18-104
See substantive statutes.Guide from Colorado LegiSource

“Current Gift Ban Amount” Webpage

Guidance on Reporting Gifts and Honoraria
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 1-84(j), (m), Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 1-97(a)
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 1-84(f), (g)
Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. §§ 1-79(5), 1-91(7)Connecticut Public Officials and State Employees Guide to the Code of Ethics
Del. Code Ann. tit. 29, § 5806(b)
Del. Code Ann. tit. 29, § 5812(h)Delaware Gift Laws

Delaware Public Integrity Reporting System
District of ColumbiaYes
6-B D.C. Mun. Regs. § 1803.2(b)
D.C. Code Ann. § 1-1162.31(a), (b), 6-B D.C. Mun. Regs. § 1803.2(a)
6-B D.C. Mun. Regs. § 1803.3
6-B D.C. Mun. Regs. § 1803.46-B D.C. Mun. Regs. § 1803.5Board of Ethics and Government Accountability: It’s Not a Bribe. It’s a Gift . . . Or is it?
Fla. Stat. Ann. §§ 11.045(4), 112.3148, 112.3149, 112.3215
Fla. Stat. Ann. §§ 112.313(2), 838.016(2)
Fla. Stat. Ann. § 112.312Overview of Laws Relating to “Things of Value,” Gifts, and Expenditures

Florida Commission on Ethics: Guide to the Sunshine Amendment and Code of Ethics for Public Officers and Employees
Ga. Code Ann. §§ 21-5-30.1, 21-5-72.1; Georgia Executive Branch Code of Ethics, XII
NoGa. Code Ann. §§ 21-5-3(7), (14), 21-5-70; Georgia Executive Branch Code of Ethics, § 2(10)Georgia Executive Branch Code of Ethics
Guam Code Ann. § 15201
Ethics and Government Employees
Haw. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 84-13(a)
Haw. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 84-11.5
Haw. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 84-11
Haw. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 84-11.5(d)Gifts and the State Ethics Code

Questions and Answers on the Gifts Disclosure Law (June 10, 2009)
Idaho Code § 18-1356
NoIdaho Code § 18-1356(5)Office of the Attorney General: Idaho Ethics in Government Manual
5 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. 430/10-10, 430/1-5
No5 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. 430/10-15Executive Ethics Commission: The Gift Ban

State Officials and Employees Ethics Act – Summary
Ind. Code Ann. §§ 2-7-5-8, 2-7-5-9; 42 Ind. Admin. Code 1-5-1
42 Ind. Admin. Code 1-5-1
See substantive statutes.Indiana Gift Rule
Iowa Code § 68B.22
NoIowa Code Ann. § 68B.2Gift, Honoraria, and Loan Prohibitions for Legislators and Legislative Employees

Ethics Manual
Kan. Stat. Ann. §§ 46-237(a)(1), (b)(1), (e), (f), (g), (h); 46-237a
Kan. Stat. Ann. § 46-237(a)(2), (b)(2), (c), (d), (e), (g)
Kan. Stat. Ann. § 46-237(a)(2), (b)(2), (d), (e)
See substantive statutes.Guidelines for State Employees Concerning Meals, Gifts, Entertainment & Travel
Ky. Rev. Stat. §§ 6.751(2), 11A.045
Ky. Rev. Stat. § 6.611(2), (23)Acceptance of Gifts

Executive Branch Ethics Commission – State Employee Resources – Gifts Webpage
La. Stat. Ann. §§ 42:1115, 42:1115.1
La. Stat. Ann. § 42:1115(A)
La. Stat. Ann. §§ 42:1102, 42:1115.2, 42:1123Gifts: A Summary of the Gift Restrictions Contained in Louisiana’s Code of Governmental Ethics (2019)

The Louisiana Code of Governmental Ethics
Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 1, § 1014(1)(B); Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 17-A, § 605
Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 1, § 1012(4)Maine Ethics Commission- Advice to Legislators: Accepting Travel Expenses and Other Gifts

Guidelines on Acceptance of Gifts (Updated 2014)
Md. Code Ann., Gen. Provis. § 5-505(a)(1)
Md. Code Ann., Gen. Provis. § 5-505(a)(2), (b), (d), (e)
Md. Code Ann., Gen. Provis. § 5-505(c), (e), (f)
Md. Code Ann., Gen. Provis. §§ 5-101(p), 5-505(c)(2)State Ethics Commission: The Gift Law
Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 268A, § 23(a), (b)(2)
Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 268B, § 6
Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 268A, §§ 2(a), (b), 3(a), (b), (f)
See substantive statutes.Regulations Pertaining to Gifts

Receiving Gifts and Gratuities – Conflict of Interest Law Primer

Guides by Type of Conflict Interest – Gifts, Self-Dealing, Misuse of Position, etc.
Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. § 4.421(2)
Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 15.342(4)
Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 4.414State Ethics Act – Standards of Conduct for Public Officers and Employees

The Michigan Lobby Registration Act – 2022 Reporting Thresholds, Fees and Penalties
Minn. Stat. Ann. § 43A.38(2)
Minn. Stat. Ann. §§ 10A.071, 471.895
NoSee substantive statutes.Gifts to Public Officials
Mo. Const. Art. 3, § 2(b); Mo. Exec. Order 18-10(1) (Nov. 20, 2018)
Mo. Ann. Stat. § 105.452(1)(1)
Mo. Rev. Stat. § 105.470(3)The MEC Guide to Ethics Laws: A Plain English Summary
Mont. Code Ann. § 45-7-104(1)-(7)
Mont. Code 2-2-104(1)(b), (2)
Mont. Code Ann. § 2-2-102(3)Montana’s Code of Ethics and the “Gift Ban”
Neb. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 49-1490
Neb. Rev. Stat. Ann § 49-14,101
Neb. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 49-1423Nebraska Accountability and Disclosure Commission Website
Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 218H.930(2), (3)
Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 281A.400(1), 281A.420
Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 218H.060Ethics in Government Manual for Nevada Public Officers and Public Employees: NRS 281A (July 2014)
New HampshireYes
N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 14-C:3, 15-B:3
N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 640:5; 15-B:4
NoN.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 14-C:2(III)-(V), 15-B:2(IV), (V), (VI), 15-B:5Navigating New Hampshire’s Ethics Laws (Updated March 25, 2009)

Summary – Code of Ethics, Gifts and Financial Statements
New JerseyYes
N.J. Admin. Code §§ 19:61-6.9, 19:61-6.5
N.J. Stat. § 52:13C-21b; N.J. Admin. Code § 19:61-6.4
N.J. Stat. § 52:13D-14
See substantive statutes.State Ethics Commission – Gifts and Favors

Plain Language Guide to New Jersey’s Executive Branch Ethics Standards (Revised April 2021)
New MexicoNoYes
N.M. Stat. Ann. § 10-16B-3
N.M. Stat. Ann. § 10-16-3(D)
N.M. Stat. Ann. § 10-16B-2New Mexico Legislative Ethics Guide

Basic Public Ethics Law in New Mexico PowerPoint

Anti-Donation Clause and Other Gift Restrictions in Government
New YorkNoYes
N.Y. Legis. Law § 1-m
N.Y. Legis. Law § 1-m; N.Y. Pub. Off. Law § 73(5), (5-a)
N.Y. Legis. Law § 1-c(j)Gifts: An Overview on the Gift Restrictions for State Officers and Employees

New York State Ethics Commission Advisory Opinion No. 94-16: Interpreting Public Officers Law  §§73(5) and 74 with Respect to Gifts
North CarolinaNoYes
N.C. Gen. Stat. § 138A-32(c), (d), (e), (f)
N.C. Gen. Stat. § 138A-32(a)
N.C. Gen. Stat. § 138A-3(32)N.C. Ethics Commission – Gift Ban Laws for “Public Servants”

Conflicts of Interest Laws for North Carolina Public Officials & Employees (prepared by UNC School of Government)
North DakotaNoYes
N.D. Const. Art. XIV, § 2 (1); N.D. Cent. Code Ann. § 54-05.1-05; N.D. Admin. Code 115-03-01-01 to 115-03-01-04
N.D. Cent. Code Ann. § 54-05.1-06
See substantive statutes.North Dakota Ethics Commission – Frequently Asked Questions
Northern Mariana IslandsYes
1 N. Mar. I. Code § 8551(a)
1 N. Mar. I. Code § 8551(c), (d)
1 N. Mar. I. Code § 8551(b)
1 N. Mar. I. Code § 8551(e)-(h)
Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 102.031(C), (D)
Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 102.03(D)-(J)
See substantive statutes.Accepting Gifts, Meals, Entertainment, or Other Things of Value – Ethics Commission Information Sheet

Ohio Ethics Commission – Gifts Webpage
74 Okla. Stat. Ch. 62, Appx. I, Rule 4, Rule 4.11, 4.13, 4.14, 4.15, 4.16, 4.20
74 Okla. Stat. Ch. 62, Appx. I, Rule 4, Rule 4.8 to 4.12; 74 Okla. Stat. Ch. 62, Appx. I, Rule 5, Rule 5.6 to 5.18
Okla. Const. art. IX, § 40
74 Okla. Stat. Ch. 62, Appx. I, Rule 4, Rule 4.22Ethics Commission Advisory Opinion
Or. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 244.025
NoOr. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 244.020 (7), (8)Oregon Government Ethics

A Guide for Public Officials
65 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. § 1105(b)
65 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. § 13A05 (b)(2)
65 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. § 1103 (b), (c)
65 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. § 13A03Pennsylvania Public Official and Employee Ethics Act
Puerto RicoYes
3 L.P.R.A. § 1857a(b); 3 L.P.R.A. § 1858c(e)(3)
3 L.P.R.A. § 1857a(a)
3 L.P.R.A. § 1857a(d), (e)
3 L.P.R.A. § 1854(ee)
Rhode IslandNoYes
520-00 R.I. Code R. § 36-14-5009
R.I. Gen. Laws Section 36-14-5(g), (i), (l)
See substantive statutes.State of Rhode Island Ethics Commission – Guide to Gifts
South CarolinaNoYes
S.C. Code Ann. §§ 2-17-80, 2-17-90, 2-17-100, 2-17-110(F)-(J), 8-13-710
S.C. Code Ann. § 8-13-705
See substantive statutes.South Carolina Advisory Opinions on Gifts
South DakotaNoYes
S.D. Codified Laws § 2-12-16
S.D. Codified Laws § 2-12-9
S.D. Codified Laws § 2-12-18South Dakota – State Employee Handbook
Tenn. Code Ann. § 3-6-304(d)-(j), (n); Tenn. Code Ann. § 3-6-305
Tenn. Code Ann. § 3-6-304(a), (c)
Tenn. Code Ann. § 3-6-301(10)Tennessee BECF - Gifts

Tennessee BECF – Exceptions to Gift Prohibitions
Tex. Penal Code § 36.07
Tex. Gov't Code §§ 305.024, 305.025; Tex. Penal Code §§ 36.08 to 36.10
NoTex. Penal Code § 36.01(3)Texas Lobby Guide

Texas Acceptance of Benefits  

Texas Ethics Commission, A Guide to Ethics Laws for State Officers and Employees

Texas “Can I Take It?” Guides:
Executive Branch
Legislative Branch

Ethics, Gift, and Honorarium Laws Made Easy
Utah Code Ann. §§ 36-11-304, 36-11-102(11)
Utah Code Ann. § 67-16-5
See substantive statutes.
Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 3, § 1203g
Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 2, §§ 261(6), 264(b)(3), 266
NoVt. Stat. Ann. tit. 2, § 261(6)

Vt. Stat. Ann.
tit. 3, § 1203g
Quick Summary: Vermont Code of Ethics for State Public Servants
Va. Code Ann. §§ 2.2-3103(9), 30-103 (11)
Va. Code Ann. §§ 2.2-3103, 30-103, 30-103.1
Va. Code Ann. §§ 2.2-3103(5), (6), 30-103(5), (6)
Va. Code Ann. §§ 30-101, 30-103.2
Virgin Islands
Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 42.52.150 (1)-(3), (5)
Wash. Rev. Code Ann. §§ 42.52.130, 42.52.150(4)
Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 42.52.140
Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 42.52.010(9)Guidance on Gifts

Ethics in Public Service Act - Gifts
West VirginiaNoYes
[W. Va. Code §§ 6B-2-5(c)(1), (2), 61-5A-6
W. Va. Code § 6B-2-5(a), (c)
See substantive statutes.West Virginia Ethics Commission Guideline – Gift Guideline
Wis. Stat. Ann. §§ 19.45(3m), 19.56
Wis. Stat. Ann. § 13.625
Wis. Stat. Ann. § 19.45(2), (3)
Wis. Stat. Ann. § 19.42(1), (6)Standards of Conduct for State Public Officials, Lobbyists, And Lobbyists’ Employers

For State and Local Public Officials – Disposition and Reporting of Gifts

Gifts, Improper Use of Office, Lobbying
Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 9-13-103
NoNoWyo. Stat. Ann. § 9-13-102(a)(i), (a)(ii), (a)(vi)Ethics Guide for Legislators