Alleged restraints by provider of e-commerce services on prices and advertising on the Internet.
New York entered into a settlement with Simon Property Group that prohibits Simon from using anticompetitive tactics to thwart the development of competing outlet centers in New York City. Simon agreed to immediately modify contractual restrictions that have prevented retailers at Woodbury Common center from opening outlet stores in New York City locations. According to the Attorney General, Simon had monopoly power in the market for retail space in outlet centers in the New York City area. The investigation also confirmed that many retailers at Woodbury Common wished to open additional outlets in New York City, but were largely prevented from doing so by so-called radius restrictions in their leases at Woodbury Common. These clauses typically restrict retailers (by threat of a substantial penalty) from opening a second store within 60 air miles of Woodbury, creating a vast 11,000 square mile zone in which Simon faced little effective competition from other outlet centers. In addition to a $945,000 monetary payment to New York State, Simon agreed to revise existing leases to remove radius restrictions that would otherwise prevent outlet center development and for the next 10 years, Simon has agreed to cease using radius restrictions, or other exclusionary tactics, that might deter retailers from opening additional outlet stores. Simon has also agreed to the appointment of an independent monitor to ensure compliance with the terms of the settlement. To be overseen by the Attorney General’s office.
Maryland v. Medical Staff of Harford Memorial Hospital, 1981-2 Trade Cas. (CCH) 64,430 (Md. Ct. 1981)
State sought an injunction, alleging that Defendant, Medical Staff of Harford Memorial Hospital (Harford), agreed to refuse to deal with any radiologists who were in competition with O. G. Radiology Associates. The State further alleged that the purpose of the agreement was to prevent Harford from obtaining radiological services from radiologists not currently members of the Medical Staff and to compel Harford to accept the contractual terms demanded by O. G. Radiology Associates. As a result of the alleged agreement, radiologists were foreclosed from access to patients, and therefore excluded from the market.