State alleged that members of both trade groups, spurred on by their leadership,
illegally agreed to boycott Anthem Health Plans, Inc.’s intention to form a new network for chiropractic services that would be administered by American Specialty Health Networks, Inc. (ASH). Hirtle (longtime counsel to CCA) facilitated the conspiracy by aggressively urging chiropractors to opt out
of the proposed network. Chiropractors feared that the ASH contract would lower reimbursement rates for chiropractic services. The state alleged that the illegal boycott improperly influenced the rates paid to
chiropractors; raised chiropractic costs for Anthem; and deprived Anthem, ASH
and consumers of the benefits of competition among chiropractors. Under the settlements, the CCA, CCC and Hirtle have agreed to pay civil penalties to the state, as well as adopt several measures to prevent future anticompetitive practices.
Settlement with Chiropractic Association regarding price-fixing and group boycott.
Arizona v. Chiropractic Association of Arizona, 1985-2 Trade Cas. (CCH) 66,737 (Ariz. Super. Ct. 1985)
State sought damages and injunctive relief, alleging that Defendant Chiropractic Association maintained a code of ethics provision restricting members form of advertising and solicitation of patients.
Wisconsin v. The Wisconsin Chiropractic Ass’n , Case No. 01CV3568, Circuit Court Dane County (December 2001)
Complaint alleged that WCA and Leonard orchestrated a conspiracy among WCA members to increase prices for chiropractic services and to boycott third-party payers.